Last updated on October 1st, 2023 at 06:05 am

Quick stats

  •  Over 60% of home buyers negotiate repairs with the seller before closing on a home purchase.
  • The average cost to repair major issues found during a home inspection are $3,000-$5,000.
  • 75% of home buyers go through a home inspection before purchasing a property.

Are you in the midst of buying a new home? Picture this – you’ve found your dream house after weeks of searching. You can already envision cozy evenings by the fireplace and hosting dinner parties in the spacious kitchen. But then, the home inspection reveals a laundry list of repairs needed. The question arises: how do you negotiate these repairs with the seller? 

    • Understand the importance of negotiating home repairs with the seller after a home inspection.

    • Learn effective strategies and tips to navigate the negotiation process.

    • Identify which repairs are worth pursuing and prioritize your needs.

    • Strike a balance between your interests and the seller’s to reach a mutually beneficial agreement.

negotiating home inspections

Understanding the Importance of Home Inspections

1. The Role of Home Inspections in Real Estate Transactions

One of the most crucial steps in the home buying process is the home inspection. It provides buyers with an opportunity to thoroughly evaluate the condition of the property before finalizing the deal. Understanding the importance of home inspections can empower home buyers to negotiate repairs effectively with the seller.

2. Gathering Information from the Inspection Report

Once the home inspection is completed, the buyer receives an inspection report detailing the findings. This report serves as a valuable source of information when negotiating repairs with the seller. It contains a comprehensive list of issues identified during the inspection, including both major and minor concerns.

3. Prioritizing Critical Repairs

It’s important to prioritize critical repairs that are necessary for safety or habitability. Focus on items flagged as urgent in the inspection report, such as electrical issues, structural damage, or plumbing leaks. These repairs take precedence over cosmetic or minor issues.

4. Getting Estimates from Licensed Professionals

To strengthen your negotiating position, consider obtaining written estimates from licensed professionals for the required repairs. These estimates can provide objective evidence of the costs involved, giving you a clear understanding of the financial implications for the seller.

5. Developing a Negotiation Strategy

Approach the negotiation with a well-thought-out strategy. Consider your budget, the age of the property, and local norms to determine your expectations for repairs. Remember that some sellers may be willing to address major issues, while others may offer a credit or reduction in the purchase price instead of repairs.

6. Requesting a Repair Request Addendum

To formalize your repair requests, you can use a repair request addendum. This document outlines the specific repairs you are asking the seller to address. It is essential to clearly communicate your requests, providing details from the inspection report, supported by any estimates you have obtained.

7. Flexibility and Compromise

Negotiations often require flexibility and compromise from both parties. Be open to alternatives suggested by the seller, such as offering additional credits or concessions. You may find that splitting the cost of repairs or adjusting the purchase price can lead to a satisfactory outcome for both parties.

💡 key Takeaway: Understand the importance of home inspections in real estate transactions, prioritize critical repairs, gather estimates from licensed professionals, develop a negotiation strategy, use a repair request addendum for formal requests, and be open to compromise in order to effectively negotiate repairs with the seller after a home inspection.

Analyzing the Home Inspection Report

A key step in negotiating home repairs with a seller is to carefully analyze the home inspection report.

 This report provides a comprehensive overview of the property’s condition and identifies any potential issues or areas that require repairs. 

By understanding the report thoroughly, you can effectively negotiate with the seller to address these concerns. Here are some key aspects to consider:

1. Identifying Major vs. Minor Issues:

Start by distinguishing between major and minor issues highlighted in the report. Major issues typically include structural defects, electrical or plumbing problems, or safety hazards. Minor issues may involve cosmetic repairs, such as chipped paint or loose tiles. Prioritizing major issues helps you focus negotiations on critical repairs.

2. Reviewing the Repair Cost Estimates:

Look for cost estimates mentioned in the inspection report for the necessary repairs. These estimates can serve as a valuable reference point during negotiations. Additionally, consider obtaining independent repair estimates from professionals to ensure complete accuracy and avoid surprises later.

3. Assessing Safety and Health Concerns:

Pay special attention to safety and health-related concerns raised in the report. Issues such as mold, asbestos, or radon can have serious implications on the property and its occupants. These concerns may require immediate attention and negotiation when discussing repairs with the seller.

4. Evaluating the Age and Condition of Systems:

Take note of the age and condition of major systems, such as the HVAC, plumbing, or electrical systems. If these systems are near the end of their lifespan or show signs of wear and tear, negotiation for necessary repairs or replacements can be justified.

5. Considering Long-Term Maintenance:

While negotiating repairs, it’s wise to consider the long-term maintenance of the property. Addressing preventive maintenance, such as roofing repairs or exterior painting, can save you from future expenses and ensure the property remains in good condition.

“In analyzing the home inspection report, it is essential to identify major issues that require immediate attention, evaluate repair cost estimates, and consider safety concerns to negotiate effectively with the seller.”

💡 key Takeaway: Thoroughly analyze the home inspection report to identify major issues, review repair estimates, and assess safety concerns. This analysis will help you negotiate repairs effectively with the seller, ensuring that the property is in optimal condition before finalizing the purchase. 

Researching the Seller’s Disclosure Statement 

When negotiating repairs with a seller after a home inspection, it’s important to gather all the necessary information to make informed decisions. 

One valuable resource to consider is the seller’s disclosure statement. This document, provided by the seller, highlights any known issues or defects with the property. 

Here are some key steps to follow when researching the seller’s disclosure statement:

1. Review the Disclosure Statement

Take the time to carefully read through the seller’s disclosure statement. Look for any mentions of repairs, renovations, or known issues with the property. Make note of any specific areas or systems that require attention. This will help you identify potential negotiating points during the repair process.

2. Cross-Reference with the Home Inspection Report

Compare the seller’s disclosure statement with the findings of the home inspection report. The inspection report will provide an unbiased assessment of the property’s condition, highlighting any hidden or unsuspected issues. Pay close attention to any discrepancies between the two documents. These discrepancies could be potential areas for negotiation.

3. Research Local Laws and Regulations

Familiarize yourself with the local laws and regulations pertaining to home repairs and disclosure requirements. Some states may have specific rules regarding what sellers must disclose and what repairs they can be held responsible for. Being aware of these regulations will help you assess the seller’s disclosure statement more effectively and negotiate accordingly.

4. Consult with Professionals

If you have any doubts or concerns about the seller’s disclosure statement, it’s always a good idea to seek professional advice. Engage the services of a qualified real estate agent, home inspector, or attorney who specializes in real estate transactions. They can provide guidance on understanding the disclosure statement and navigating the negotiation process.

5. Prioritize Safety and Structural Issues

While negotiating repairs, prioritize safety and structural issues. These are non-negotiable items that could affect the overall safety and value of the property. Focus on addressing any major concerns that pose a risk to the occupants or require immediate attention.

💡 key Takeaway: Researching the seller’s disclosure statement is a crucial step when negotiating repairs with a seller after a home inspection. By understanding the details provided, cross-referencing with the inspection report, researching local laws, and seeking professional advice, you can make informed decisions and negotiate effectively.

Evaluating the Repair Requests

Once you receive the home inspection report and identify necessary repairs, it’s time to evaluate the repair requests. This step is crucial as it sets the stage for successful negotiations with the seller. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

Prioritize Essential Repairs

Begin by identifying the repairs that are essential for the safety, structural integrity, or functionality of the home. 

These repairs should be at the top of your list, as they are crucial for your future enjoyment and investment. Examples of essential repairs may include electrical issues, plumbing leaks, or structural deficiencies. 

Negotiating with the Seller

When it comes to negotiating repairs with a seller after a home inspection, it’s important to approach the situation with knowledge and tact. By following these tips, you can increase your chances of reaching a mutually beneficial agreement:

1. Prioritize the Important Repairs:

Identify the repairs that are essential for the safety and functionality of the home.

Focus on items that may require immediate attention or pose significant financial implications.

Make a list of these priority repairs to guide your negotiation process.

2. Gather Evidence and Quotes:

Back up your repair requests with evidence from the home inspection report.

Obtain quotes or estimates from reputable contractors to support the cost of necessary repairs.

This will provide you with solid evidence to present to the seller during negotiations.

3. Be Reasonable and Flexible:

Approach the negotiation process with a reasonable mindset.

Understand that the seller might not agree to every repair request.

Be open to compromise and prioritize the repairs that matter most to you.


“Negotiations are about finding common ground and reaching an agreement that benefits both parties involved.” 

4. Seek Professional Advice:

If you’re unsure about certain repair negotiations, consider seeking advice from a real estate agent or attorney.

These professionals can provide guidance based on their experience and knowledge of the local market.

5. Consider Alternative Solutions:

In some cases, the seller may be hesitant to complete specific repairs.

Explore alternative options, such as offering a lower purchase price or requesting a seller credit for the repairs.

These alternatives can lessen the burden on the seller while still addressing your concerns.

Finalizing the Negotiation

Once an agreement is reached, ensure that all terms and conditions regarding repairs are clearly documented in writing. This will help prevent any misunderstandings and provide reassurance for both parties involved.

💡 key Takeaway: Negotiating repairs with a seller after a home inspection requires preparation, reasonableness, and flexibility. By prioritizing essential repairs, providing evidence, being open to compromise, seeking professional advice, and considering alternative solutions, you can navigate the negotiation process successfully and reach a satisfactory outcome.

Seeking Professional Advice 

When it comes to negotiating repairs with a seller after a home inspection, seeking professional advice can provide valuable guidance and expertise. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

1. Consult with a Real Estate Agent 

Your real estate agent can serve as a valuable resource throughout the negotiation process. They have experience dealing with home inspections and can offer insights into fair repair requests. They can also help you understand the potential impact of certain repairs on the overall value of the property.

2. Engage with a Home Inspector

If you have concerns about specific repairs or need further clarification on the inspection report, consider reaching out to the home inspector. They can provide additional details and guidance on the condition of the property and the urgency of repairs. Their professional expertise can help you prioritize repair requests based on their significance and potential costs.

3. Request Cost Estimates 

Once you have identified the necessary repairs, it’s important to obtain cost estimates from qualified professionals. These estimates can help you determine the potential financial impact of the repairs and provide leverage during negotiations. Seek multiple estimates to ensure accuracy and transparency.

4. Prioritize Safety and Structural Issues

Focus on repairs that directly affect the safety and structural integrity of the home. These issues should take precedence over cosmetic or non-essential repairs. Highlighting the importance of safety can strengthen your negotiation position and ensure that critical issues are resolved.

5. Consider Long-Term Maintenance

In addition to immediate repairs, consider discussing long-term maintenance concerns with the seller. Addressing potential future issues can help you avoid costly surprises down the road. Consult with your real estate agent and home inspector to identify areas that require attention for ongoing maintenance.

6. Prepare for Compromises

Negotiating repairs with a seller requires flexibility and understanding. Be prepared to meet the seller halfway, especially if the repairs requested are substantial. Consider presenting a list of options or alternatives that could satisfy both parties and maintain a positive negotiation environment.

💡 key Takeaway: Seeking professional advice from a real estate agent and home inspector can provide valuable insights and guidance during the negotiation process. Prioritize safety and structural issues, request cost estimates, and consider long-term maintenance needs. Additionally, be prepared for compromise to facilitate a successful negotiation.

Considering Alternative Resolutions

When negotiating home repairs with a seller after a home inspection, it’s important to explore alternative resolutions if the seller is resistant to certain repair requests. Here are some strategies to consider:

1. Prioritize Essential Repairs

By focusing on necessary repairs that are crucial for the safety or functionality of the home, you can demonstrate your intention to find a fair resolution. This may include repairs related to electrical or plumbing systems, structural issues, or safety hazards.

2. Seek Cost Credits or Reductions

Instead of insisting on specific repairs, consider asking for cost credits or reductions or ask the seller to lower the price of the home. This can give you the flexibility to choose the contractors and materials that match your preferences while still addressing the issues identified in the inspection report. Be sure to gather estimates from reliable professionals to support your request.

3. Request a Seller’s Concession

In some cases, the seller may be willing to provide a concession instead of making physical repairs. This could involve the seller offering a lower purchase price or covering a portion of your closing costs. A concession allows you to handle the repairs on your own terms after the sale is finalized.

4. Obtain Multiple Bids

If the seller is hesitant about the repair costs, consider obtaining multiple bids from contractors. Presenting competitive quotes may help to alleviate concerns and show that the requested repairs are reasonable.

5. Consider a Home Warranty

If the property requires repairs that are not deemed critical or urgent, another option is to request a home warranty. A home warranty can help protect you financially from unexpected repair costs after the purchase. It provides coverage for certain systems and appliances for a specific period of time.

6. Collaborate with the Seller

Open communication and collaboration with the seller can often lead to more successful negotiations. Discuss your concerns and proposed solutions in a respectful manner, keeping in mind that the seller may have their own financial constraints or reasons for not wanting to make certain repairs.

7. Be Open to Compromise

Negotiations involve give and take. Be open to considering the seller’s perspective and be willing to compromise on certain repair requests if it helps to maintain a positive atmosphere during the negotiation process. Remember, the goal is to reach a mutually beneficial agreement.

💡 key Takeaway: When negotiating home repairs with a seller, it’s important to explore alternative resolutions, such as prioritizing essential repairs, seeking cost credits or reductions, requesting a seller’s concession, obtaining multiple bids, considering a home

Finalizing the Agreement

After completing the home inspection and negotiating the necessary repairs with the seller, it’s time to finalize the agreement. 

This crucial step ensures that both parties are satisfied with the resolution and that the repairs will be completed according to the agreed-upon terms. Here are some important considerations to make during this process:

1. Review the Repairs List

Before finalizing the agreement, carefully review the list of repairs that have been agreed upon with the seller. Make sure that all necessary repairs are included and that the scope of work is clearly defined. It’s essential to have a detailed understanding of what repairs are expected and how they will be completed.

2. Get Cost Estimates

Once the repairs are identified, it’s wise to obtain cost estimates from reputable contractors or service providers. This will help you determine the overall expenses involved in the repairs and ensure that there are no surprises down the line. Having an accurate understanding of the costs will enable you to negotiate a fair agreement with the seller.

3. Set a Timeline

Establishing a reasonable timeline for completing the repairs is essential. Ensure that the agreed-upon timeline aligns with your needs and allows sufficient time for the repairs to be completed. Clearly communicate your expectations regarding the completion date, and discuss any potential roadblocks or delays that may arise.

4. Consider Reimbursement Options

In some cases, the seller may offer to reimburse you for the repairs instead of completing them themselves. This option can be beneficial for both parties, especially if the seller is unable or unwilling to manage the repairs directly. Discuss the reimbursement process with the seller and agree on a fair reimbursement amount and procedure.

5. Include Contingencies

It’s crucial to include contingencies in the agreement to protect your interests. For instance, you may include a clause that allows for a final walkthrough before closing to ensure that all repairs have been completed to your satisfaction. This gives you an opportunity to address any outstanding concerns before finalizing the purchase.

6. Consult with Professionals

If you find the process overwhelming or if there are complex repairs involved, consider consulting with professionals such as real estate agents or attorneys who specialize in property transactions. Their expertise can provide valuable insights and guidance to ensure a smooth finalization of the agreement.

💡 key Takeaway: Finalizing the agreement for repairs after a home inspection requires careful consideration of the repairs list, obtaining cost estimates, setting a timeline, discussing reimbursement options, including contingencies, and seeking professional advice when necessary.

Final Thoughts

Tips for negotiating home repairs with a seller after a home inspection:

1. Be prepared to offer a compromise. Many sellers are willing to make some repairs and modifications to the property, as long as they feel that they are getting a fair deal. It is important to be clear about your expectations from the start, and to be willing to compromise on some of them in order to reach an agreement.

2. Be prepared to walk away.

If you feel that the seller is not being reasonable, it may be in your best interests to walk away. This will force the seller to come to negotiate an agreement with you, rather than forcing you to take the property off the market.

3. Expect to have to negotiate some costs.

Some repairs may be more expensive than the seller initially thought, and you may have to bargain for them. Be prepared to discuss all costs associated with the repairs, both in absolute terms and in relation to the property